The Power Institute is delighted to announce that department member Professor Roger Benjamin’s new book, Kandinsky and Klee in Tunisia, is now available for purchase online here.



Paul Klee’s 1914 trip to Tunisia provided a major breakthrough for his art: ‘Color and I are one,’ he famously wrote. ‘I am a painter.’ Kandinsky and Klee in Tunisia sets the scene for Klee’s breakthrough, with a close study of the parallel voyage undertaken from 1904 to 1905 by Wassily Kandinsky and Gabriele Münter, who would later become Klee’s friends. This artist couple, then at an early stage in their celebrated careers, produced a rich body of painting and photography known only to specialists.

Paul Klee’s 1914 trip with August Macke and Louis Moilliet, in contrast, was a vaunted convergence of cubism and the exotic. Roger Benjamin refigures these two seminal voyages in terms of colonial culture and politics, the fabric of ancient Tunisian cities, visual ethnography, and the tourist photograph.

The book looks closely at the cities of Tunis, Sousse, Hammamet and Kairouan to flesh out a profound confrontation between European high modernism and the wealth of Islamic life and architecture. Kandinsky and Klee in Tunisia offers a new understanding of how the European avant-garde was formed in dialogue with cultural difference.


Roger Benjamin is Professor of Art History at the University of Sydney. His notable publications include the prize-winning Orientalist Aesthetics: Art, Colonialism, and French North Africa, 1880–1930. In 1995 he co-curated Matisse for the Queensland Art Gallery, and in 1997 his exhibition Orientalism: Delacroix to Klee was held at the Art Gallery of New South Wales. He is a former director of the Power Institute at the University of Sydney.

Cristina Ashjian is an independent scholar based in New England, where she is chair of the Moultonborough Heritage Commission. She earned her MA in the History of Art at the Courtauld Institute, London, and as German Chancellor Fellow at the University of Munich from 1995–1996 she researched her doctoral dissertation, ‘Representing “scènes et types”: Wassily Kandinsky in Tunisia, 1904–1905’. She has collaborated on the research for Kandinsky and Klee in Tunisia.



Now available for purchase online.